It’s a prudent idea doing research on how long is milk good after sell by date or expiry date if you don’t want to drink or consume what will harm your body system.Milk is something that gets easily spoiled if after opened and didn’t place in a very cold environment. If you open sealed milk, the best way to preserve it is to store deep inside the refrigerator not at the door side!However, either your milk expiring date lapse or not milk can be easily spoiled if proper care is not taken after open it.So today, I will be taking you through how good is milk after the expiration date or let me say how long is milk good after sell by date.
Table of Contents
How long is milk good after sell by date?
To be candid with you, milk can be easily spoiled if proper preservation is not put in place. In the USA people often throw out expired milk can not knowing it can also be consumed after the sell-by date.Milk is good for at least a week (7 days) after the sell by date, sometimes 2 weeks (14 days) depending on the temperature of your refrigerator.In short, if milk doesn’t change or smell somehow different from normal milk smell that means it can still be drinking. That is if it smells nice and ok!
What does sell-by date means?
The sell-by date is the date; month/day/year a product will expire and become harmful for consumption.If milk or any consumable product lapse its sell-by date there would be additional days to restriction from consuming it.
How Good is milk after the expiration date?
How good is milk after the expiration date is the same thing as how long is milk good after sell by date. Though each question needs clarification.To be sincere with you, if you are a type with enough cash you don’t need to consume expiry food products. Though foods like milk are very delicate to consume after their expiration date.Even on a normal day if you purchase milk from the store and you open it without proper preservation it will give a sour taste and may get spoiled within some days which becomes harmful for consumption.
Milk is good 5 to 7 days after the expiration date or sometimes it last longer than a week. All depends on the temperature of your refrigerator!How good is milk after expiration date?
How long is skim milk good after Sell by date?
Either skim milk or reduced-fat milk, milk is milk! so far it’s classified as milk they share the same attribution after expiring date.The date we always see at the label of each food we buy is not really their expiry date. They often add at least 3 weeks to their sell by date so it is safe to consume milk on the day of expiring.Don’t be amazed, i hope you get what i just explained now? for example, I bought milk with a sell by date as follows; Dec 22, 2020. This doesn’t mean if I consume this product on the 23rd it would be like I consume poison.Hell no! there are still additional weeks ahead depending on your refrigerator temperature but to be aware of poisonous consuming this is made to create awareness that after Dec 22, 2020, this milk may start tasting differently.This applicable to skim milk as well. I hope i have answered your question on how long is skim milk good after sell by date? Good!
How long is milk good for at room temperature?
At room temperature, milk is good for at least 2-3 days to its listed date. Though if it still tastes good it is still safe to consume.This is not about how long is milk good for at room temp any more, it would purely be a judge on the taste your milk still gives.If it still tasting good that means you can still drink it but if others don’t try consuming it as if may result to food poisoning.
How long is milk good after sell by dateif opened?
If milk is opened after the sell by date it will last at least 2-3 days past its listed date. But if unopened, it last 5 to 8 days to the sell by date.I hope you get it right? if opened it last at least 2-3 days, if unopened it last 5-8 days to its listed date!
How long does lactose-free milk last after opening?
Lactose-free milk last 3-5 days after opening. This still depends on the temperature of your refrigerator.Just like what i told you the other time while i was explaining how long is milk good after sell by date, If at room temperature it lasts a week but if store in a very cold area it may last 2 weeks.
How long is Lactaid milk good for once opened?
Just like lactose-free milk, Lactaid milk is still good for at least 3 days once opened. This is not applicable to either lactose-free, skim milk or Lactaid milk alone but all types of milk!And i think the in-depth answer has been given when i was explaining How long is milk good after sell by date. Please kindly go back if not understandable!
Is Expired Milk Safe to Drink or Consume?
Yes, you can still consume/ drink expired milk as long as it has been properly refrigerated, it should be consumable/drinkable up to a week or more depending on the temperature.According to healthline, unopened milk generally stays good for five to seven days past its sell by date, while opened milk will last at least two to three days past this date.
Frequency Asked Questions onHow long is milk good after sell by date
Below are some FAQ about How long is milk good after sell by date which i think you would find useful:
What happens if you drink expired milk?
Can you drink milk after the use-by date?
How do you know when milk goes bad?
What happens if you drink expired milk?
If it happens you mistakenly drink a small quantity of expired milk you are on a safer side and it won’t harm you in any way. (That is if you mistakenly sip small quantity)But if what you have consumed is more than 6 tablespoon, it will have an effect which may lead to vomiting and so on. If happens, kindly see a qualified doctor!
Can you drink milk after the use by date?
I think i have already answered this question above which you can find under the sub-heading “How long is milk good after sell by date” but let me still make some clarifications.The straight forward answer to this, if the milk still tastes good and the scent not bad it can still be drinkable. But if has lost taste in any form or it smells somehow then avoid drinking it.
How do you know when milk goes bad?
This is very simple! If milk goes bad its good characteristics will disappear.The taste would be somehow sour, it will smell bad and its look would look unhealthy for consumption.You can watch the additional video below to back my point on how long is milk good after sell by date. Though they explained how long does milk last after expiration date.
My conclusion on how long is milk good after sell by date
Don’t try throwing out your milk if it’s still tasting good or the smell doesn’t change in any form.I hope this help ascertaining on how long is milk good after sell by date? Good!Please kindly note that even if you store your milk the right way/place and the smell or taste changes don’t hesitate to throw such milk because it is no more healthy for your body to consume.The main point here is, milk is good a week after the sell by date or lets me say 2 weeks depending on your refrigerator temperature.When at room temperature, it lasts for 2-3 days!What are your thoughts on this clarification about “how long is milk good after sell by date? Don’t forget to share this post with friends and family!
So you’ve heard about Glyphosate herbicide? and you wish to know how effective their products are, how to apply and achieve the best result you could ever imagine.
Before anything I would like to share more light on the followings;
What is glyphosate?
What is glyphosate used for?
Is glyphosate a herbicide or pesticide
how does glyphosate work?
How long does glyphosate take to work?
Now let’s get a hand in to work.
Table of Contents
What is Glyphosate herbicide?
What is glyphosate herbicide? According to Wikipedia, glyphosate is a broad-spectrum systemic herbicide and crop desiccant. It is an organophosphorus compound, specifically a phosphonate, which acts by inhibiting the plant enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase. It is used to kill weeds, especially annual broadleaf weeds and grasses that compete with crops.
In 1970, Glyphosate herbicide was discovered/invented by John E. Franz (born December 21, 1929) who is an organic chemist while he was working at Monsanto company and design to work on post emergence herbicides.
Glyphosate is a herbicide in which when we apply it to plants it kill both broadleaf plants and grasses. The herbicide is widely used in the United State of American and some other closed countries.
What is glyphosate used for?
What is glyphosate used for? Like I told you earlier, glyphosate is a herbicide which we can use to kill both broadleaf plants and grasses.
Also, glyphosate being one of the best herbicides used in the United States act systemically. Meaning it selects what it acts on.
Is glyphosate a herbicide or pesticide?
I think with the point I’ve made above you should be able to deduce a good point, but still i would be straight forward with my answer to the question is glyphosate a herbicide or pesticide?
Let me start this way, Herbicide is any chemical substances we can use to control weeds or kill unwanted plants. While pesticide is what we can to kill pest on our plant.
Please don’t get it wrong, the pesticide is for pest control while herbicide is meant for weed control.
Glyphosate is not a pesticide but it is an herbicide. Though you may find glyphosate in some products of pesticide like that of roundup, and the active chemical in this produce is glyphosate.
How does glyphosate work?
Glyphosate herbicide work in the sense that it kills unwanted plants or weed. I must tell you this, according to npic, Glyphosate is a non-selective herbicide, meaning it will kill most plants.
Glyphosate prevents unwanted plants from making certain proteins that are needed for plant growth. Glyphosate stops a specific enzyme pathway, the shikimic acid pathway. The shikimic acid pathway is necessary for plants and some microorganisms.
Glyphosate herbicides begin to work immediately you applied it, the herbicide will coat the leave and start the reaction.
It takes the range of 4 to 20 days for the complete killing of plants. Glyphosate is more effective when the plants receive no rainfall or water after applying. 60 Degrees Fahrenheit is more preferable.
Now let me dive into the main topic and discuss the Top 8 Best Recommended Glyphosate herbicide.
The Best Recommended Glyphosate Herbicide
If you ever wondered how you can easily kill a weed, then you will find this my top 7 selected glyphosate herbicide useful:
Eraser 41% Weed Killer Herbicide.
Eraser Max Herbicide.
Agrisel Gly Pho-Sel Pro 41% (Glyphosate Herbicide)
Roundup Pro Concentrate – 2.5 gallons.
Roundup QuikPro Herbicide.
Roundup Promax – High Concentrate Glyphosate 48.7%
Rodeo Herbicide -2.5 Gallons.
Eraser 41% Weed Killer Herbicide
Eraser weed killer is a non-selective, broad-spectrum herbicide for annual and perennial weeds, woody brush, and trees. Eraser works as a post-emergent herbicide with no residual soil activity.
As a non-selective glyphosate herbicide, Eraser will kill grass, plants and weeds that are directly sprayed. It is relatively non-toxic to dogs and other domestic animals and has no residual soil activity.
The reason why it is being called Eraser 41% weed killer is that it contains 41% glyphosate with a surfactant for added effectiveness.
Eraser 41% contains the same active ingredient as Roundup and Eraser but has the maximum allowed dosage of surfactants so the kill is better and you’ll get noticeable results a lot quicker.
Eraser 41% Weed Killer Herbicide is a broad-spectrum, non-selective herbicide that comes from soil bacteria. Often sold as ammonia salt, it is a contact herbicide with no soil residual.
There’s no need for additional surfactants because it already contains a surfactant.
Expensive (but worths your money).
How Eraser 41% Kills Weeds
As a systemic, Eraser Weed and Grass Killer travel from the point of foliage contact to the root system. You will see visible effects of Eraser working on annual weeds within 2-4 days and perennial weeds after about 7 days. If the weather is cloudy or cool after treatment, the weather may slow down the activity of Eraser, and visible results may be delayed.
Visible effects are seen at first as a slow wilting and yellowing. The next step is an overall browning of growth above the ground and then a breakdown and deterioration of the plant underground.
Eraser 41% Application:
Use 1 1/3 oz per gallon of water to control most annual weeds; use 2 2/3 oz to control tougher or hard to kill perennial weeds. It is easier to control annual weeds when they are small.
Eraser AP (2.5 gallon)
Eraser AP is a Glyphosate 41%, non-selective, and broad-spectrum herbicide. It is labelled for non-crop, industrial, turf and ornamental weed control. Used in agricultural and farm areas, it treats annual and perennial weeds, trees, vines and shrubs, pasture grasses, forage legumes and rangelands. Labelled for a number of agricultural crops including Round-Up Ready crops.
Eraser Max is a concentrated formula of glyphosate and imazapyr that is very effective against many weeds, vines, grasses and trees. A single application will kill weeds for up to a year.
Eraser Max is for use outside on non-crop areas, bare ground for total vegetation control, and spot treatment for weeds, grasses, vines and trees. It is perfect for gravel paths, fence rows, around barns and farm buildings.
Kills weeds and grasses, roots and all
Rainfast in one hour
Use 7.4 oz per 1,000 square feet
One gallon treats 17,297 square feet.
When to Use?
Apply Eraser Max when weeds are present or to bare ground. Cut or mow the weeds if they are taller than six inches and wait a couple of weeks for new growth. If brush or woody vines are cut or mowed, wait until they have a full leaf formation before treatment. In areas of heavy rainfall, retreat in 6-8 months if necessary.
How much Eraser max per Gallon?
Do you wish to know how much eraser max per gallon? As at the time this post was made, eraser max cost $64.45 on Doyourownpestcontrol website and $49.9 on amazon.
Total Vegetation Control (Bareground)
Best performance occurs when applications are made to actively grow weeds in early summer. Mix 7.4 oz in 1-10 gallons of water and uniformly spray over 1,000 square area. Apply the areas where bare ground and total vegetation control is desired. See label for maximum application rates.
Spot Control of Brush, Vines, and Weeds
Mix 6 oz of Eraser Max with one gallon of water and uniformly and thoroughly spray the foliage of woody plants to wet.
Apply to weeds, brush, and vines that are actively growing.
Woody brush and vines are controlled better in late summer and fall after fruit formation.
Wait until full leaf formation if brush or woody vines have been cut before treatment.
Wait for 2 months following treatment to mow or cut perennial weeds, vines or brush.
Agrisel Gly Pho-Sel Pro 41% – Glyphosate herbicide review
Agrisel Gly Pho-Sel Pro with 41% Glyphosate is a high quality fast-acting systemic total vegetation weed killer. If you sprayed on weeds and grasses, Gly Pho-Sel Pro 41% starts working fast, within 1-2 hours and kills weeds and grasses on contact, roots an all.
With the same active ingredient as Round-Up Pro, Gly Pho-Sel 41% gives fast and total vegetation and weed control. Gly Pho-Sel can be used by homeowners, golf courses, landscapers, and in agriculture, turf, ornamental and non-crop environments.
Active Ingredient includes:
15% Surfactant for increased effectiveness
Target pests include:
A wide variety of weeds and grasses.
Annual and Perennial Broad-leaf Weeds and Grasses
See label for the complete list.
Use 1-2 oz. per gallon of water to control most annual weeds; use 2-4 oz. to control tougher or hard to kill perennial weeds.
Refer to product label for complete use instructions.
It contains the same active ingredient as Roundup but has the maximum allowed dosage of surfactants so the kill is better and you’ll get noticeable results a lot quicker.
It is a contact glyphosate herbicide with no soil residual.
This product kills fast. More preferably for weed and pest control.
Expensive (But worths your money).
Round Up Pro Concentrate 50.2% Glyphosate 2.5 Gallon Jug Systemic Herbicide
If you are looking for the best way to keep your property free of weeds then you would consider Roundup Pro Concentrate. Roundup Pro Concentrate contains glyphosate – this is the same reliable and proven product that has been used by thousands of people over the years.
This product is a post-emergence, systemic herbicide without soil residual. It is formulated as a water-soluble liquid containing surfactant. Roundup Pro Concentrate gives broad-spectrum control of many perennial weeds, annual weeds, woody brush and trees.
It has been tested and has proven results. No residual chemical is left behind, making it safer to use around your property. Roundup Pro Concentrate is the quick and easy way to get rid of any pesky weeds. If other glyphosate herbicides have failed to do the job, Roundup Pro Concentrate is the product to turn to. No other herbicide controls more weeds than Roundup Pro Concentrate.
The Round-Up Pro mix rate is 1-10.5 ounces per gallon of water depending on the target weed. When mixing roundup pro make sure to use only clean stainless steel or plastic sprayers.
How Roundup Pro Works – Glyphosate herbicide
Glyphosate (the active ingredient) inhibits an enzyme only found in plants that is essential to specific amino acids.
Visible symptoms start with a gradual wilting and yellowing of the plant to complete browning of above-ground growth, with the deterioration of underground plant parts.
You can start to see visible results on most annual weeds within 2-4 days; perennial weeds may take 7 days or more for visible results. Cool or cloudy weather after application may slow down activity with a delay of visible symptoms.
No residual chemical is left behind, making it safer to use around your property.
Provides effective weed control
Fully labelled for all turf, ornamental and forestry uses
Kills weeds fast and completely
Rapidly translocated and kills the root
Quickly rainfast (one hour)
Expensive (But worths your money).
Harmful to mammalian if consumed.
Roundup QuikPro Glyphosate Herbicide
Roundup QuickPro, Herbicide by Monsanto is a systemic post-emergent herbicide providing a broad-spectrum control of most annual and perennial weeds. Roundup ProMax is a non-selective herbicide that is used to kill weeds and grasses in cracks of parking lots, driveways, flower beds, and along fence rows. Roundup ProMax works through the foliage down to the root killing the entire plant within days after application. Roundup ProMax Herbicide is pet and child friendly if applied properly.
Roundup ProMax Herbicide is used for the control of most annual and perennial weeds and grasses with one application.
For use in:
Roundup ProMax Herbicide is for use in any area of vegetation. Extra care should be taken to ensure that non-target vegetation is protected from any drift.
Roundup ProMax Herbicide may be used in general non-crop and non-food crop areas and can be applied with any application equipment described within the label. Roundup Promax is used to trim-and-edge around objects in listed sites, for spot treatment of unwanted vegetation and to eliminate weeds growing in established shrub beds or ornamental plantings.
Roundup ProMax glyphosate herbicide can be used prior to planting an area to ornamentals, flowers, turfgrass (sod or seed), or prior to laying asphalt or beginning construction projects.
For the use of Roundup ProMax in a handheld sprayer or similar listed equipment mix at the rate of 0.5 to 9 ounces per gallon of water (rates vary depending on desired solution concentration).
If Roundup Pro Herbicide is used at the higher rate of use for weed control each 1.67-gallon container will treat an estimated 23,750 square feet of coverage.
Roundup ProMax Herbicide has a shelf life of 36 months if stored in a cool dry environment.
Time to Kill:
Roundup ProMax Herbicide provides immediate results but may take up to several treatments to gain full control of target weeds.
Check the video below to know more about this product.
No Residual Soil Activity
Quik Pro is not a pre-emergent, but a post-emergent. Weeds need to be emerged for this product to work since it does not stay active in the soil.
Post emergent herbicide
1.5-oz. pack makes 1 gal. of spray solution of 2% solution
Used on parks and golf courses
Provides fast burn-down results within 24 hours
Easy to mix, water-soluble granule, no additional surfactant is recommended.
Roundup Promax has a smaller molecule size and a higher concentration of glyphosate (48.7%) than Roundup Pro. Roundup Pro and it’s generic equivalents that contain glyphosate are well known as systemic postemergence herbicides.
For those familiar with Roundup Pro or it’s generic Eraser (41% glyphosate), know they control a broad spectrum of weeds (annuals, perennials, woody brush and trees) with very little re-growth. However, Roundup Pro Max gets to the root faster, so if it rains in an hour you don’t have to worry. Round up Promax is rainfast in just 30 minutes.
More concentrated formulation
Provides quick control with virtually no regrowth
Consistent, professional performance
30-minute rainfast warranty.
Only works for plants that have emerged from the soil, it will not affect the seeds.
Expensive (But worths your money).
Is it safe to use Roundup Promax on the entire lawn? Would it kill the grass?
Roundup Pro Max contains glyphosate which is a non-selective herbicide. Non-selective herbicides will kill just about any vegetation that they are sprayed on including grass.
If you are looking for the best glyphosate herbicide that kills pond weeds with 53.8% glyphosate then you would consider Rodeo Herbicide. Rodeo Herbicide is excellent as a non-selective herbicide used in aquatic areas.
These aquatic areas include streams, drainage ditches, lakes, rivers, ponds, canals, and reservoirs. Rodeo Herbicide is also an effective brush killer, although it generally takes 7-10 days to kill perennial brushy plants. On most annual weeds, you will start to see results within 2-4 days.
Rodeo Herbicide has a label to kill more than 90 kinds of grasses, brush and broadleaf weeds.
How Rodeo Works
Rodeo is systemic, moving from the foliage to the roots. Kills the roots for several years.
2.5-gallon container treats up to 5 acres.
Emergent plants like Cattails, Grasses, Bulrushes, Purple Loosestrife, Alligatorweed and Waterlilies. These plants can block pond or lake access. Cattails, in particular, is a troublesome weed in aquatic areas.
For Brush Control :
For control of perennial weeds and woody plants in aquatic and noncrop sites, also for use in wildlife habitat areas, for perennial grass release, and grass growth suppression.
Controls annual weeds and perennial weeds. See label for a complete list.
Aquatic Sites: including all bodies of fresh and brackish water which may be flowing, non-flowing or transient. This includes lakes, rivers, streams, ponds, seeps, irrigation and drainage ditches, canals, reservoirs, estuaries and similar sites. Rodeo does not control plants which are completely submerged or have a majority of their foliage underwater.
In this blog post, you will learn how to take care of day old broiler chicks very effective without encountering any loss.
Introduction To Modern broiler production is a highly specialized field of poultry production where genetic selection, management and nutrition are geared towards the production and marketing of a bird at the earliest age and at optimum cost.
Broilers are specially bred birds with the ability to grow fast, are quick feathering, and have a good conformation, are well covered with meat and convert food very efficiently. Broilers are normally fed ad libitum (i.e., without any restriction) from day old to finishing, by which time they should have attained just above 2 kg live weight with a feed conversion ration averaging.
For professional guide on how to take care of of day old broiler, you would to take good attention to the followings:
Table of Contents
WHAT DAY OLD BROILER NEEDS TO SURVIVE
Yes before i start, let me quickly sum it up here and give you a list of what you need to raise day old broiler chicks from their first day on earth till harvesting period.
Feed and feeding management.
Regular water supply.
Feeds and feeding management
Feed costs accounts for between 60 and 70% of the total variable costs of a broiler production enterprise. The prudent producer will therefore plan thoroughly all the feed requirements to avoid losses and unnecessary surpluses.
It is important to monitor feed consumption and weight on a regular basis. The performance of the birds can be checked against standards.
Day old chicks should be fed in feeder lids or plastic trays (1 per 100). The automatic feeders should be in place on arrival of the chicks and should be adjusted so as to rest directly on the litter.
I recommend this feeder lids which I’ve always recommends for farmer to use. Below are short descriptions about it:
Medicated Complete Crumble for Chicks Ages 0-8 Weeks
Feed Manna Pro Poultry Grit Free Choice in a Separate Feeder, or Mix 1 lb with 40 lbs of Feed
Fortified with Vitamins and Minerals for Healthy Growth and South Development
Formulated for the Development of Active Immunity to Coccidiosis
Made with 18% Protein for Weight Gain and Muscle Development.
Possible Questions & Answers.
Q: Can this be fed to adult chickens as well?
A: Adult chickens may be temporarily fed medicated chick starter, such as when the mother hen is raising chicks and they share a source of food. Please note that the dose of medication is only to aid in the prevention of coccidiosis and may not be sufficient to treat an active case of coccidiosis. If that is the case, please refer to a coccidiosis treatment or consult your vet.
Q: How many chicks will this feed for that 8 weeks?
A: I can only tell you I fed 6 day old broiler chicks for 16 weeks on one bag.
Mash can still be given but there is much wastage with mashes than with pellets. Feeders should never be more than 1/3 full at a time. With trough feeders, allow 5 cm feeding space/bird, while one pan per 50 birds is used with pan type feeders. Broilers are fed high nutrient density diets so that they achieve market weight within a short period of time usually 6-8 weeks.
Generally as the energy content of broiler feed increases, less feed is required to attain market weight. Therefore broiler feeds usually contain lots of energy and protein. Protein is needed by growing birds while energy is required to drive the processes of life.
When talking about protein requirements, it is much more of the protein quality or amino acids; rather than the total protein content, which is more important. Birds may not perform well if the levels of critical amino acids such as lysine methionine and cystine are limiting in the rations.
This is regardless of whether the proportion of total protein is adequate or inadequate. Minerals and vitamins are also required for maximal performance.
The common types of feeding systems are:
Tube feeders for day old broiler chicks
Troughs that is suitable for day old broiler chicks
Optimum salt level is vital as under supply of this ingredient can result in pecking which can lead to cannibalism. Thus, in practice, when a problem of pecking is encountered, addition of salt in drinking water at a rate of 1 table spoon per 5 litres of water for 2 to 3 days usually solves the problem.
Most producers of broilers practice two phase feeding (feeding of starter followed by finisher rations) instead of three-phase feeding (starter followed by grower and then finisher).
In practice, allow for 1 kg of broiler starter feed and 3kg of broiler finisher feed. The nutrient specifications for both starter and finisher ration These feeds are available as complete rations from feed manufacturers, or as concentrates (those which contain the protein, vitamins and minerals) and then the farmer will have to add the energy component, usually maize.
Sorghum, barley, wheat and millet can also be used as partial substitutes for maize in broiler rations. Feed maxi-packs, which supply the minerals and vitamins, can also be used by producers who can supply their own maize and soya-cake, as shown in Table 4b.
Large-scale producers may find it cheaper to make their own feed on the farm.
All they need is to be able to source the individual ingredients and then engage a Nutritionist to formulate appropriate rations. Complete on-farm mixing of feed reduces the overall.
Water is very important for the survival of day old broiler chicks
Generally it should be available at all times. Day old broiler chicks can be started with water founts (15 four-litre founts per 1000 chicks).
These should be placed close to heat sources and between feeders. The founts should be cleaned and sanitised at each filling.
It is important to use fresh water that has been sanitised to kill some material that can cause disease such as algae and fungi. At 4-5 days old, the water founts should be gradually moved towards automatic waters and can be removed at around 10 days.
By this time, the birds should have adjusted to drinking from the automatic waterers. Allow at least 2 cm linear watering space /bird.
Where dome water are used, there should be at least 7 per 1000 birds. The height of watering equipment should always be adjusted as the birds grow such that the top edge should be level with the backs of the birds.
The general water consumption rate is 2-3 kg water for every kg of feed consumed. of Flock vaccinations are sometimes done through drinking water.
If this has to be done, water sanitizers and disinfectants have to be discontinued, as they may be harmful to the vaccines. Instead, powdered milk (115g per 40 litres) may be given before the introduction of the vaccine. This helps to limit the adverse effects of the vaccine and prolongs vaccine life. The milk will also neutralize any traces disinfectants and sanitizers remaining in the water and equipment
Day old broiler growing is normally done under 23 hours of continuous light and one hour of complete darkness.
This is regardless of whether the type of house is windowless or open. The dark period helps the birds to adjust to some dark conditions, or should there be a power black-out.
This is especially important in situations where power failures are frequent.
If the birds are unaccustomed to darkness, they may pile up, stampede and die when sudden darkness comes. Research carried out recently in closed buildings has shown that intermittent lighting of 1-2 hours followed by 2-4 hours of darkness during a 24 hour period significantly improves feed efficiency and reduces electricity costs.
Therefore broiler producers, who have facilities that enable light control, may find this technique quite appealing.
During the first 2 weeks, chicks need a light intensity of 40-60 watts per 20 m2.
Such a light intensity helps the young birds to get a good start from the feed and water. From 2 weeks onwards, light intensity can be reduced 15 W/20m2.
High light intensity after 4 weeks of age should be avoided because it can act as a growth suppressant. It may also result in carcass bruising due to over activity by the birds. It is important that light bulbs should be well distributed in the poultry house. Burnt bulbs have to be replaced and all bulbs should be cleaned frequently. Dirty on bulbs reduce light intensity, increase electricity cost and fire risk.
Ventilation – Day old broiler chicks
Good ventilation is important for the growth of healthy birds. It supplies oxygen and removes carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and ammonia (NH3) from the houses. In addition, it controls the amount of moisture, thus helping to keep litter dry and NH3 levels below 25ppm. Ammonia build up in broiler houses predisposes birds to respiratory problems, partial blindness and depressed growth. In closed up type of housing, ventilation should be designed to achieve a room temperature of between 21-27°C. Drafts should be avoided in semi open houses but it is important to maintain good air movement. Bio-security, hygiene and vaccination
Bio-security are measures put in place to prevent disease coming into the poultry unit or preventing the spread of diseases within the poultry unit. Always practice an all-in-all-out system for broilers and after a batch has been through a house, the house and ancillary equipment should be thoroughly scrubbed, washed out with water, disinfected and fumigated.
It also includes controlling human traffic and vehicles into the poultry unit, provision of protective clothing for workers and visitors, rodent control, rest period between bathes, routine vaccination and prevention of pollution.
A strict bio-security program should always be in place.
Good management should substitute the use of treatment drugs, especially for coccidiosis, necrotic enteritis, internal parasites and colisepticaemia – E. coli.
For broiler flocks exceeding 1000 birds, it is economic to vaccinate against the following diseases:
Newcastle Disease – at day-old, spray in hatchery; and day 22 in drinking water
Infectious Bursal Disease / Gumboro disease – day 12 and day 20, drinking water
Infectious Bronchitis – optional, day-old, spray at hatchery. Mass vaccination through the drinking water is the most common method of administering vaccines to day old broiler chicks.
When this method is used, the water sanitizers and disinfectants should be discontinued as these can neutralize or inactivate the vaccines.
The addition of dry milk at 129 gram per 40 litres of water prior to the introduction of the vaccine is a common practice.
This assists to prolong the life of the vaccine and bind any contaminants or residual disinfectants in the water. Veterinary advice should also be sought in situations of a disease outbreak.
Handling of dead birds In large scale poultry operations,
There will always be some deaths that will inevitably occur despite the producers’ intention to keep the numbers down. The day old broiler birds will die mostly from disease or some other causes.
It is therefore important that these dead birds be disposed of in a manner that does not expose the remaining birds to infection.
There are two acceptable methods of disposal and these are
Incinerator for day old broiler chicks:
This is the most preferred method for day old broiler chicks although it is very expensive. It is very handy in areas where burial of dead birds is likely to pollute underground water sources.
The incinerator should have the capacity to meet the needs of the farm as well as any future expansion programs.
It should be located down wind from poultry houses and residences to avoid fumes. Whenever some birds are incinerated, it should be made sure that the carcasses are burnt completely white ash. Incomplete burning may result in some pathogens forming spores and then survive high burning temperatures.
Disposal pits for day old broiler chicks:
This is a less expensive alternative to incinerators. The pits should be located in a place where there is good drainage. The other good thing about pits is that there is no use of chemicals and no odor will emanate from well-designed pits.
Various specifications for the pits can be used but generally they should be at least 2m deep and 2.5m2 at the surface. The top should be covered with at least 30 cm of earth. The bird repository should be tightly covered always to keep the odours of decomposition inside.
Withdrawal of feed before slaughter Withdrawing need from day old broiler chicks along with transportation to processing plant an ave considerable effect n the dressing percentage.
Live shrink between 8 hours withdrawal time and 20 hours as een estimated o be about 3.0%. Dressed carcass quality may also be far affected beyond eperiodsssiit withdrawal Nevertheless, the feed has o be withdrawn at some point before slaughter. This helps to avoid contamination of the carcasses with intestinal contents during evisceration. The general rule is that feed should be withdrawn approximately 6 to 10 hours before birds are to be slaughtered. However, water should be available for as long as is practical.
How much is day old broiler chicks
If you ever wanted to know how much is day old broiler chicks then i would advice you to meet with someone who is already in the game in your community and ask them how much they buy chicks.
So if we should start listing price for all countries here we can’t cover all. We advise you to meet up with someone who is already in the game to guide you through.
Conclusion on how to take care of day old broiler chicks
We have discussed on how to take care of day old broiler chicks right from hatchery to harvesting time. We also recommended some of the products we have used and found to be okay for raising a day old broiler birds.
I think with the information provided, you can successful raise a day old broiler chick without much issue.
What are your thoughts on how to take care of day old broiler chicks? Don’t forget to share with friends and family!
Have you ever wondered how you can start a cucumber farming business? You wish to own a cucumber farm but don’t know how to go about it?
Anyway, in this blog post we willl be going through practical process to start a cucumber farm from beginning to harvest your product.
I will try as much as possible to neglect all scientific terms we are use to in school like plare used one degree, temp, to rainfall one-degree unnecessary botanical names.
The full potentials of agribusiness opportunities in the world have not been fully tapped; there is an abundance of opportunities yet to be fully explored by agripreneurs.
One of the untapped opportunities in agribusiness is cucumber farming.
Table of Contents
Understanding cucumber farming
Cucumber farming is a very profitable agribusiness due to its popularity, acceptance and health benefits.
Individuals who have invested in cucumber farming in the world can attest to its profitability. Cucumber is not as complex as other areas of agriculture; one can start cucumber farming with little or no experience in farming.
THIS IS GOING TO BE PARTIALLY ORGANIC CUCUMBER FARMING
Why partially organic because generally in some under developing countries like Nigeria, Congo, South Africa etc. Nobody can practice full organic yet.
The reason being that they would still make use of certified seed which is not organic but the use of chemical should be limited.
Cultivation of cucumber require some factors which require explained as below and the reason behold all those factors.
It is through cucumber seed that you will be able to determine whether you can make more profit in a plot of land of cucumber.
Now ask your self these questions:
The cucumber seed you have with you, is it local or foreign?
Open or closed seed?
Hybrid or General seed?
If you are venturing into cucumber or any other agribusiness please don’t go for local seed ever again just because they are cheap.
As cheap as they are, they won’t let you breakeven or make reasonable profit.
The reasons are:
Some seeds can produce 1tonne of cucumber per hectare each harvest, others can produce 500kg, 200kg, even as low as 50kg.
And some can produce up to 2-3 tones under the same agricultural conditions. A kG of cucumber sells for minimum of $1-$2 in wholesale depending on the season you cultivate them.
The 2nd objective of seed is that it tends to tell you how many times you can harvest your produce.
Some are 3-5 times, some 5-10times while a select few can go 15-20 times before they wither. (Other factors contribute to how long harvest lasts)
ISSUES ON VARIETIES.
Cucumber has several varieties but we have some varieties that are best left for the experts these are Burpee, greengo, darina etc.
These GreengopDarinan oceious species is high synoecious female to male flower, the ratio is high in some that every leaf comes with a female flower.
After reading through this guide, you will become an expert in this field because we touch every aspects you needed.
To clear the burden of no pollination these are what we can do which is planting a simple monoceious variety like markmonoeciousks before we marketer high yield type (Murano) in the same farm.
So when the high yield female will come bees will have male flowers around for good pollination, but we have to be ready for every 2 days fertilization of this plant with nutrient if possible everyday! yes, every day because everyday we go to works place.
In the absence, the workplace can decide to plant Murano alone but be ready with daily fertilizer application and wetting.
As for me, Burpee is still the best.
So i would say Burpee seed is vital factors for a successful cucumber farming.
As an expert i would recommend Burpee Straight Eight Slicing Cucumber Seeds.
Don’t even bother planting cucumber if you do not have source of water.
After land which is your initial fixed asset water should be the next factor in crop production.
Let me ask you this question;
Can “cyber café ever operate without adequate electricity supplyly or network subscription”
The answer is probably NO. This is what we are not getting right in agriculture today, how can a cattle eat all of your farm (Please let us think very well).
So you would need adequate water supply in other to run a cucumber farm ing business.
But in the absence of rainfall there’s another option left for you in agriculture which we termed ‘Irrigation’
This is where irrigation comes in. Over 70-85% of cucumber composition is water. Yes! Water…
The need for constant water cannot be underestimated. And for this, irrigation is key.
Please wherever you are developing land, once the land is secure from pests the next thing we should do is to secure a constant source of water.
It could be a nearby stream or It could still sink bore-hole in the land.
Please if you don’t have constant source of water, ccumber farming is not for you.
This is because if the plants are not well watered, the primary well-watered the products will be bitter.
Have you eaten bitter cucumber before? Let’s just say it’s a combination of quinine and bitter leaf.
Nobody will buy it from you or or would you use your money to pirchase a bitter cucumber?
Secondly, the plants won’t last long before they wither. Which would not allow you to harvest as many times as you need to.
In Agricuture today we have what we called HRM (Human Resource Management)
This is where your labour falls in. I was made realized that your labourers must be experienced in such agricultural sector you want to venture into.
It’s only works in other sectors that workers would said (either market comes or not, the sales agent would collect salary) now the reverse alarm case.
If the farm did not make sales under one worker management it will delay his/her salary also. Funny but that is the bitter truth.
Labourer can kill your business and make your business a successful one.
HRM explain how you can treat your labourers even in your absence laboratory will be running smoothly.
This is a broad topic that I can tackle here.
I remember one cucumber farmer I met sometimes ago , he said that his first fam was a plot of land and he handled it by himself, he only hired labour when making the beds.
He told me he made $300 in 2 months. Like I was shocked! And I even joked that don’t play joke with me.
He now explains everything to me in details.
But later he extended his farmland to 1 acre of land and hired (4 workers).
He was expecting to make at least $2000 or $2400. But he only made $1000. And had to pay their salaries of $600. ($100 each for 2 months). He was disappointed that his projected analysis was not met.
He said there are two things about workers especially from African countries:
An average African youth wants to get rich quickly but not ready to work. Believe me they are very lazy to the bone.
If it’s not my fathers business, they are very dangerous to destroy whatever you are building.
I’ll therefore suggest that you should build up your labour force gradually with laboring, trust and hardworking personnel.
PESTS and DISEASES.
I think this is one the serious problems we have about agriculture in Nigeria. Pest is a very serious problem expecialy when you are dealing with vegetable production but their solution is very simple.
We farmers are sometimes to be blame on the use of inorganic chemicals.
The issue is, we all know that Pests is usually a problem to compare with because it’s a deadly situation.
The reason is, the major pests of cucumber are insects, and cucumber needs some insects for pollination like butterfly, bees e.t.c other insect will just eat another infected leaf and stunt the production of the crop.
This is common, there is something we call ECONOMIC THRESHOLD LEVEL meaning the cost of controlling the pest will provide an economic return, this is practiced in organic agriculture by fertigation and pestigation (sorry I coined investigational) of organic controls for your plant.
Organic agriculture is the key for cucumber farming.
It is also the pest population at which control measures should be initiated to prevent population rising above ECONOMIC INJURY LEVEL.
EIL is the minimum pest population which causes economic injury level.
So the question is “How do I spray pesticide on the crop without killing the beneficial insects”?
After much research and research findings. I realize this Cucumber (other examples Okra , pepper, tomato etc) produces colourful flowers and that colorfulttracts butterflies and bees (useful insects) for pollination.
While the other insects come to suck leaf and live on the leaf. So when the flowers are not bright the useful insects fly away.
When are the flowers not so bright? IN THE NIGHT!!! So the best time to spray insecticde/pesticide on cucumber that will not kill useful insects is in the evening or night.
I tried to create a symbiotic relationship for plant so that they can have a mutually benefit from each other on the issue of pollination, insect control, and weed control which is what I called INTEGRATED CROP PRODUCTION.
I realize that I can plant some plant that will benefit plantings during their production period.
There was this research article I came across online
“The idea behind companion cropping is to create a mutually beneficial ecosystem and functionally diverse plant community to increase individual plant production,” he said;
“When we have different crops that fill different functional niches, we find diverse planting that can produce more overall and decrease input costs.”
Peanuts and cowpeas are legumes, which fix nitrogen from the air and supply it as nitrates to companion plants, Masabni said. Watermelons were chosen as a smother crop to suppress weeds and provide soil shading to conserve water moisture.
Okra was chosen for its tall growth form and as a potential pollinator attractor due to its large showy flowers.
Hot peppers were chosen as a potential pest barrier.
Franco utilized five treatments to test the intercropping system within the same rows, including a row of peanuts and watermelons; peanuts, watermelons, and okra; peanuts, watermelon, on, okra and cowpeas; a row of all five plant species; and a strip intercropping system of peanuts and watermelons consisting of alternating single rows.
We found that three to four species consistently yielded higher per-unit land area compared to crops grown alone,” Franco said.
“We reduced inputs like fertilizers and herbicides. We actually used minimal fertilizer and no herbicides, and the only major input we utilized was irrigation. So we enhanced resource use efficiency by planting the crops together.”
Masabni said intercropping is an ideal method for small-acreage growers with limited land space.
“The results are encouraging for these growers because we proved you can get better yields if you choose the right crop combinations of nitrogen fixing legumes, talnitrogen-fixing other crops,” he said.
“It makes me wonder how they knew to do this, but Native Americans knew exactly what they were doing, and we’ve proved the concept works.”
The type of soil is very important vital to the performance. Basically, you should look for a soil that absorbs and retains water. (Loamy and semi-clay).
Soil preparation is the key top dressing with organic manure a week before planting.
After the initial top dressing, you need to apply manure/fertilizer during the vegetative stage and mega super continous manure/fertilizer continuous flowering/fruiting stage.
This is to ensure continuous harvest for a longer period. For every harvest, you must fertigate your crop to ensure continous harvest.
Here is the secret about inorganic fertilizers be it NPK or Superphosphate, they only make your plant to be healthy and fine (Green in colour) but do not increase colored of the plant.
The yield of the plant is proportional to the variety you want to plant and render your land useless after 3 years of use.
My primary school definition about weed is an unwanted plant that grow on an unwanted area.
So if you see a maize growing among hundreds of cucumber plant, it is considered as a weed.
Weed is dangerous to the crop at a young age.
This is because it competes with the young cucumber for nutrients.
The best labour to labor weeding people and they can exhaust.
And if the cost of production is becoming too high it will become a problem for we farmers. So that is where CONSERVATIVE AGRICULTURE COMES IN.
Materials use in conservative agriculture are:
Saw dust (newly found ideas) Sawdustg films.
The last one is common for some farmers in Nigeria today. Why conservative agriculture?
Its prevents the growth of weed and the other two will serve as nutrient for your plant. This shows that you can be free of weeding in cucumber farming.
This is the best and the last. Agronomy can shortly be defined as the technology used in food production and processing and soil science.
After knowing the factors to consider when venturing into cucumber farming and all the factors are being procured already. The next thing to do is our land preparation and normal planting.
This includes land preparation, ridge or bed making staking, mulching.
Land preparation: This is done after acquiring your land be it one hectare or plot which involve ploughing, harrowing, ridginplowing making.
As a starter please start with either a plot or two plots because cucumber is not easy.
After clearing of the land, the next step application of manure and this should be done a week before planting.
Please only apply manure at the hole you wish to plant the seed in order to maximize the use of your manure.
Selection of seed: This is one of the important factors that determine the success of cucumber farm worldwide.
Buy seeds only from a reputable source, do not buy seeds from an open market. Purchase seeds of cucumber that favour the climate of your farm.
You can always get varieties of seeds from the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) nearest to you.
Planting: Cucumber can be planted at any time of the year.
Cucumber needs adequate water to thrive, so if you’re planting during the dry season, there should be an irrigation system in place to ensure sufficient water supply to the plant.
You can plant on the bed and you should ensure the right spacing between the plants.
Plant 2/3 seed in a hole where the organic manure is. Make sure to plant either in the morning or evening.
After planting, it is necessary to support the growing plant with stakes or pillars. This is because cucumber plants are climbers by nature and they require the necessary support for optimal growth.
Staking is very compulsory in cucumber farming and that is the most hardest work to do in the production of cucumber.
Don’t chop the money alone, be successful together with your friend, engage that friend of yours today so the whole burden will not be on your neck. Agriculture is wide!
Fertilization and pestigation:
The first term investigation of fertilizer for your cucumber plant through drip irrigation while the latter is a term I coined myself meaning application of pesticide to the control and not to kill the insects because some insect are beneficial.
Here is the list about cucumber, plant when others are not planting (plant during the dry season when farmers are not planting that makes you smart farmer).
Here are some little facts about dry season farming I later find out:
From my earlier statement about fertilizer that I said INORGANIC FERTILIZER DO NOT INCREASE THE YEILD OF OUR PLANT, IT ONLY YIELD THE PLANT TO LOOK HEALTHY.
we spray insecticide if we see any insects that can cause damages but now dry season it is much we spray systemic insecticide weekly to chase leaf miner, going 100% organic is a good idea considering that NPK fertilizer on cucumber stem.
in this heat will cause many mortality we are seeing much but you will be spraying foliar fertilizer weekly its better and the crops abstract it quickly than NPK.
NB-treat your soil with wormforce or apply poultry workforce planting to chase nematode so you can harvest 8-10 times or more.
Heat stress makes cucumbers to yield less I will not surprised if we didn’t meet the yield figures during rainy season.
In the absence of organic agriculture, we should make use of the following insecticides.
Insecticides should not be applied speculatively on cucumbers you only use when you see signs of insect attack like cucumber beetle, leaf foot bug(the blabeetles ance)
leaf miners and aphids these are common cuke pests that you can easily see the damage then use these insecticides because of low toxicity to bees, laraforce gold, actara, imiforce, aceta force, actorfenforcesacetate all systemic no nonsense insecticides, but no-nonsense is fruiting and bees are foraging use only actara very low toxicity to bees, spray a mixture of saaf fungicide(mancozeb+carbendazim) and ridomil gold(metexyl mefemoxen+copper sulphate)
Every week, don’t sulfate any cucumber disease that can survive the onslaught of these 4 active ingredients.
Cucumber is usually harvested after 40-45 days after planting depending on the variety planted. Harvested cucumber when the fruit is still green in color, avoid the cucumber is not ripe before you harvest them.
Harvesting of cucumber is usually done manually with hands and the fruits should be handled with care to prevent bruises and damages.
After harvest, wash the cucumber in water and packaged for sale
Marketing After Harvesting Cucumbers can be sold in retail, wholesale, in a market near you, or to companies that specialize in cucumber processing.
All you need to do is ensure that the cucumbers are green, big, attractive, fresh and juicy, and of a high quality.
Cucumbers are in high demand, and as long as you inform target markets that you have cucumbers you will have them waiting in line to buy them.
Lets do a projected analysis let’s plot of land:
A plot of land measured 120x60ft or 150 x 50ft in some areas.
A bed that measured 12 x 6ft is employed
60/6=10 10×10=100 beds.
This shows that a plot of land will give 100 beds or 90 using 12x6ft
A plot of land can accommodate how many plant? Using a ft spacing implants between plant will give.
The length measured 12ft a foot interval will give a total of 6 plant
Breath 6ft= 3 plant. 6×3 will give= 18 plant in a bed.
18×100 beds=plants plant populabtion
A plant will prpopulationruit or even more than that but lets say 1 fruit per stand= let’s fruit minimum.
A bag of murano variety consist of abMurano-80 fruit consisted of its big size.
1200 fruits divided by 80= 15 bags
A bag is sold for 4,500 just an example bcs its usually more than thBCS4500 x 10= 67,500
And you can harvest for like 3 times or more
This is just the least projected analysis, am very sure is more than the is.
You can only achieve this if you do the necessary procedure
Don’t forget this is just the least projected cost. We always make more than this in our cucumber farm.
HOW TO MAKE YOUR OWN FERTILIZER AND PESTICIDE
The materials needed are:
Plant leaves: after the initial clearing of land please let us try and gather the leaves and soak them in a drum for atleast 7days.
Poultry manure: this should be soak in water also for 7days. This material is doing two works as fertilizer and nematicide, soak in water as the rest.
Grinded eggshellike The residue Ground poultry maure, ash and eggshell manure extracted and apply a week before planting to the ridges.
The liquid solution should be extracted and mixed together
Pesticide: The materials
Orange peel, ginger, neem leaf or oil (neem oil is very effective than leaf but that cannot be explained here, that is for those that wish to buy our ebook guide)
These materials should be partially cooked and the water should be extracted.
The last material is Black soap: This will make the liquid solution stay on top of the leave of plant for more hours we called it Adjuvants in agriculture.
Theses two products can be combines together to producee continous spraying.
I called continuous product simple 2 in 1 liquid NPK and pesticide.
There is more to organic fertilizer and pesticide which is not reveal here you can cis not revealed more information about it.
Conclusion On How To Start Cucumber Farming
As you can see, we have analyzed every information you need to get started as a cucumber farmer, it os now depends on you to utilize the information given.
Period is just a term when we are talking about cucumber farming
As an agriculturist or a business oriented farmer, you business-orienteers are, not planting
And more so when you have a stable market you can produce any time of the year.
What are your thoughts on this topic we just treated on cucumber farming?
Don’t forget to share with fellow farmers, friends, and family.
Now that you know what weed and herbicide are, I think the next thing for you is to have deep knowledge about how to use herbicide to kill or control weed on the farm.
2. Pre Emergent Herbicide and how to apply it to your farm
With your deep understanding on pre emergent definition and herbicide, you should be able to interpret and have more understanding on what pre emergent herbicide is.
But I’d still need to shed more light on it.
Pre Emergent Herbicide Definition
Pre Emergent Herbicide is any formulated chemical substances that is designed to fight against any upcoming unwanted weed plant that can injure the desired plants.
In a nutshell, pre emergent herbicide is what farmer apply to the farm land to prevent the growing of weed.
This is used to prevent weed and other unwanted plants.
3. My honest reviews on pre emergent herbicide products
Now I’ll be listing out the top 10 best pre emergence herbicide that can be used to control weed on a farm land.
My review would based on atrazine products, their descriptions and how to apply to the farm.
1. Simazine 4L pre emergent herbicide.
This is a pre emergent herbicide that is used for broadleaf and grass suppression.
Simazine 4L is for pre-emergence control of many annual broadleaf weeds and grasses in ornamentals and turf.
It controls weeds in forests, greenhouse-grown crops, and nursery-grown ornamentals. Simazine 4L is a herbicide that should be applied before weeds emerge or following removal of weed growth.
It controls a wide variety of annual broadleaf and grass weeds when used at selective rates in agricultural and ornamental crops.
Features & details
Apply 1.6 to 2 pints of this product (0.8 to 1 lb. a.i.) per acre in the late Fall when the crop is well established. The application should be timed to coincide with the start of the Winter rainfall period to control germinating annual weeds. A second application at the rate of 1.6 to 2 pints of this product (0.8 to 1 lb. a.i.) per acre can be made in the Spring just after the last cultivation. Use a minimum of 20 gallons of spray solution with ground equipment per acre. For best results, field.
This is another weed killer that works for both pre emergent and post emergent herbicide.
About this item
PRE-EMERGENT HERBICIDE: Quali-Pro’s Prodiamine 65 WDG provides pre-emergent grass and broadleaf weed control. Flexible application allows for both spring and fall use providing season long crabgrass control. Available in a 5 pound bottle.
PRODUCT TYPE: Professional
USE SITES: Nurse, Landscape, Turf, Trees, Golf Courses
Quali-Pro’s Prodiamine 65 WDG provides pre-emergent grass and broadleaf weed control. Flexible application allows for both spring and fall use providing season long crabgrass control. Available in a 5 pound bottle.
Below are some questions and answers under this product:
Q: will it work with no pre mixing sprayer connected to water hose? if so, is setting of 2tsp for one gallon will work?
A:I wouldn’t recommend it. Prodiamine, straight out of the container, is in granular form. Each granule is about 1 mm in diameter.
All the hose end sprayers I know of require dispensing of the product as a liquid. For my application, which is to treat for Annual Bluegrass (Poa Annua) in a Zoysia lawn, I used a 3 gallon backpack tank sprayer.
I measured 3/4 Tbsp. Prodiamine and poured it into a quart container. I then added 3 cups water and mixed the two together into a concentrate.
I then poured the concentrate into the backpack tank sprayer and added water to make 3 gallons. 3 gallons will treat 750 sq. ft.
The amount to use is 1/4 Tbsp. Prodiamine per gallon of water. Each gallon will treat 250 sq. ft.
There are 3 tsp. in a Tbsp.
Q: Is this product safe for centipede grass thats 1 year old?
A: True green uses Baricade on my centipede and St Augustine lawn. It has been so successful in keeping the weeds out that I bought this (the generic version) for my planters.
5. Alligare Diuron 80 DF (5 lb bag)-Compare to Karmex
A non-selective residual herbicide for the control of a wide range of grasses, broad leaf weeds in land not intended to bear vegetation, including industrial sites, railways, and other non-crop situations.
Features & details
Diuron 80 DF Herbicide is designed as a dispersible granule for control of weeds in specific crops and for non-selective weed control on non-crop sites. Diuron can be used as a pre-emergent as well as a post-emergent.
3-4 lb per acre on selected crops – See Label for specific crops listed. For non-crop weed control, use 5-10 lb per acre.
6. Surflan Pro Herbicide 1 Quart Oryzalin 40.4% Pre-emergent Weed Control 6 Months”
Surflan Pro, with Oryzalin is a pre emergent herbicide used as a surface application on a wide spectrum of more than 100 different grasses and weeds found in ground covers, perennials, established warm-season turfgrass, ornamental plantings, non-bearing trees, non-cropland, industrial sites and Christmas tree plantations.
Surflan Pro and be used alone or a tank mix combination with glyphosate to provide post emergence control of labeled weeds.
NB: Do not spray tank mix with glyphosate over the top of ornamental plants, trees, foliage and other desirable vegetation.
Surflan Pro will remain stable on the soil surface up to 21 days after application. If there is no rainfall, use irrigation to activate Surflan Pro.
Since Oryzalin is an orange color, Surflan Plus may cause temporary discoloration of sprayed areas.
Don’t spray concrete or wood. Wear gloves when mixing and applying.
8. Oxadiazon 2G Pre-emergent Landscape and Turf Herbicide Equivalent to Ronstar G 50 Lbs.
Oxaidazon 2G granular herbicide is a selective, pre-emergent herbicide for control of annual grasses and broadleaf weeds in turf and woody ornamental shrubs, vines, and trees. Can be applied to both established and newly transplanted plants, and both actively growing or dormant plants. Compare to Ronstar G by Bayer Active Ingredient = 2% Oxadiazon Same carrier, same low odor formulation, larger granule New larger granule provides better distribution ballistics Spreader friendly, better visual application confirmation Controls weeds and grasses through the shoot and will not harm roots Weeds controlled (prevented) but not limited to include: Annual Bluegrass (Poa annua) Barnyardgrass Bittercress Carpetgrass Carpetweed Crabgrass Common Groundsel Florida Pusley Goosegrass Oxalis Petty Spurge Pigweed Stinging Nettle Any Many More!
Features & details
Easy to apply granular formulation
Proven, long-lasting performer, Oxadiazon 2G controls weeds and grasses through the shoot and will not harm roots.
For use in established Bermudagrass, St. Augustinegrass and Zoysia turf such as fairways, golf courses, parks, and lawns.
Can be applied to both established and newly transplanted plants, and both actively growing or dormant plants.
9. RM43 43-Percent Glyphosate Plus Weed Preventer Total Vegetation Control.
RM43 43% Glyphosate Plus Weed Preventer Total Vegetation Control is ideal for fence rows, gravel paths, sidewalks, driveways, parking areas and around farm buildings and barns — anywhere you want to spray once and be done for up to 1 year. The concentrated formula of glyphosate and imazapyr is effective against most noxious weeds, grasses, vines, brush and trees. For use on non-crop areas as a spot treatment for brush, vines and weeds or on bare ground for total vegetation control. Do not spray this product over the root systems of desirable plants. One gallon treats 17,297 square feet.
RM43 is a combination of two herbicides and surfactant. It is rainfast in two hours and there are no entry restrictions to sprayed areas for pets or people after the spray has dried. The time is now to keep your property free from unwanted growth. Apply RM43 today and get the protection you desire for up to a year.
Makes up to 53 gallons of spray solution for spot treatments.
10. Roundup Ready-To-Use Weed & Grass Killer III with Comfort Wand
Roundup Ready-To-Use Weed & Grass Killer III with Comfort Wand is easy to use with a convenient, no-mix formula. For use in and around vegetable gardens, flower beds, tree rings and mulched beds, as well as on cracks in driveways, walkways and patios. Rainproof in 10 minutes and visible results in 3 hours.
Kill weeds to the root so they won’t come back. Absorbed through the leaves, it goes all the way to the root for a total kill. A simple way to keep your driveway, patio and mulched beds looking good.
Features & Benefits
Convenient & Ready to Use
No mixing required. Simply connect and extend the wand, then spray unwanted weeds and grasses. Treats up to 400 sq. ft.
Unique Comfort Wand
Easy-to-use with extended reach with a continuous spray. No bending over and no more hand fatigue.
Kills Weeds to the Root!
Spray existing weeds and grasses you want to kill. Always read and follow label directions.